The assemblages discussed here were analyzed using conventional zooarchaeological techniques and sources. Whenever possible, each bone or bone fragment was identified to species level. When this level of identification was not possible, higher-order taxonomic categories were used. The sheep/goat category was used for almost all caprine remains. Historic information indicates that sheep were much more common in Pennsylvania in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Additionally, no bones were identified as having specifically goat-like characteristics. Given these factors, it is assumed that the majority of the bones in the sheep/goat category belonged to sheep. When bones could not be identified to either species or family, they were assigned to categories such as large, medium, or small mammal, as explained further below. Other small bone fragments were simply assigned to class (such as mammal, bird, or fish). A small number of bone fragments remained entirely unidentifiable.