Meat Cuts In the historic period, animals (specifically cows, pigs, and sheep) were butchered in relatively standard and prescribed ways, producing comparatively uniform cuts of meat. Zooarchaeologists are the specialists who study animal remains recovered from archaeological excavations. They use information gathered from historical records and butchers’ diagrams to calculate the minimum number of meat


Local Glass History Between the 1770s and 1920s, at least seven glass factories were situated in or near the I-95/Girard Avenue Project area. Although only small sections of two factories have been directly impacted and excavated thus far, a remarkable amount of 19th-century American glass has been recovered. Most of the artifacts were found in

Historic Research

This site contains information gathered from a wide variety of sources, and this section is devoted to describing the different types of resources and reference material we examine during research efforts for this project. As you will see, different types of records were kept over time—some still available, while others have been lost. Though records


For thousands of years, people throughout the world have been using clay to make pottery containers of various forms for use in their daily lives. Pottery vessels are essential for storing, cooking, and serving food, but once they break and lose their usefulness, they are discarded along with other household refuse. Pottery, unlike other materials—such